Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0737. இருபுனலும் வாய்ந்த மலையும்

0737. Irupunalum Vaaindha Malaiyum

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அரணியல் (Araniyal) - Essentials of a State
  • அதிகாரம்
    நாடு (Naadu)
    The Land
  • குறள்
    இருபுனலும் வாய்ந்த மலையும் வருபுனலும்
    வல்லரணும் நாட்டிற்கு உறுப்பு.
  • விளக்கம்
    கீழ்நீர், மேல்நீர் எனப்பட்ட இரு தண்ணீரும், வாய்ப்புடைய மலையும், அதிலிருந்து வருகின்ற நீரும், அழியாத கோட்டையும் நாட்டிற்கு உறுப்புகளாகும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    Waters from rains and springs, a mountain near, and waters thence;
    These make a land, with fortress' sure defence.
  • Meaning
    The constituents of a kingdom are the two waters (from above and below), well situated hills and an undestructible fort.


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