Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0102. காலத்தி னாற்செய்த நன்றி

0102. Kaalaththi Naarseitha Nandri

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    அறத்துப்பால் (Arathuppal) - Virtue
  • இயல்
    இல்லறவியல்(Illaraviyal) - Domestic Virtue
  • அதிகாரம்
    செய்ந்நன்றி அறிதல் (Seinnandri Arithal)
    The Knowledge of Benefits Conferred: Gratitude
  • குறள்
    காலத்தி னாற்செய்த நன்றி சிறிதெனினும்
    ஞாலத்தின் மாணப் பெரிது.
  • விளக்கம்
    ஒருவனுக்குத் துன்பம் வந்த காலத்தில் செய்த உதவி சிறியதாக இருந்தாலும், அக்காலத்தை நோக்க, அஃது இப்பூமியைவிட மிகப் பெரியதாகும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    A timely benefit, -though thing of little worth,
    The gift itself, -in excellence transcends the earth.
  • Meaning
    A favour conferred in the time of need, though it be small (in itself), is (in value) much larger than the world.


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