Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0127. யாகாவா ராயினும் நாகாக்க

0127. Yaagaavaa Raayinum Naakaakka

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    அறத்துப்பால் (Arathuppal) - Virtue
  • இயல்
    இல்லறவியல்(Illaraviyal) - Domestic Virtue
  • அதிகாரம்
    அடக்கமுடைமை (Adakkamudaimai)
    The Possession of Self-Restraint
  • குறள்
    யாகாவா ராயினும் நாகாக்க காவாக்கால்
    சோகாப்பர் சொல்லிழுக்குப் பட்டு.
  • விளக்கம்
    ஒருவர் எவற்றைக் காக்காவிட்டாலும் நாவைக் காத்தல் வேண்டும்; அவ்வாறு காக்கவில்லைஎன்றால் குற்றமான சொற்களைச் சொல்லி தாமே துன்பம் அடைவர்.
  • Translation
    in English
    Whate'er they fail to guard, o'er lips men guard should keep;
    If not, through fault of tongue, they bitter tears shall weep.
  • Meaning
    Whatever besides you leave unguarded, guard your tongue; otherwise errors of speech and the consequent misery will ensue.


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