Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0070. மகன்தந்தைக்கு ஆற்றும் உதவி

0070. Maganthandhaikku Aatrum Udhavi

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    அறத்துப்பால் (Arathuppal) - Virtue
  • இயல்
    இல்லறவியல்(Illaraviyal) - Domestic Virtue
  • அதிகாரம்
    மக்கட்பேறு (Makkatperu)
    The obtaining of Sons
  • குறள்
    மகன்தந்தைக்கு ஆற்றும் உதவி இவன்தந்தை
    என்நோற்றான் கொல்எனும் சொல்.
  • விளக்கம்
    தன்னைக் கல்வியுடையவனாகிய தந்தைக்கு மகன் செய்யும் பதில் உதவி என்னவென்றால், 'இவனுடைய தந்தை இவனைப் பெறுவதற்கு என்ன தவம் செய்தானோ' என்று சொல்லும்படி நடத்தலாகும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    To sire, what best requital can by grateful child be done?
    To make men say, 'What merit gained the father such a son?'
  • Meaning
    (So to act) that it may be said "by what great penance did his father beget him," is the benefit which a son should render to his father.


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