Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0019. தானம் தவம்இரண்டும் தங்கா

0019. Thaanam Thavamirandum Thangaa

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    அறத்துப்பால் (Arathuppal) - Virtue
  • இயல்
    பாயிரம் இயல்(Paayiram Iyal) - Introduction
  • அதிகாரம்
    வான் சிறப்பு (Vaan Sirappu)
    The Excellence of Rain
  • குறள்
    தானம் தவம்இரண்டும் தங்கா வியன்உலகம்
    வானம் வழங்கா தெனின்.
  • விளக்கம்
    மழை பெய்யவில்லை என்றால், இப்பெரிய உலகத்திலே தானமும் தவமும் ஆகிய இரண்டும் நடைபெறா.
  • Translation
    in English
    If heaven its watery treasures ceases to dispense,
    Through the wide world cease gifts, and deeds of 'penitence'.
  • Meaning
    If rain fall not, penance and alms-deeds will not dwell within this spacious world.


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