Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0101. செய்யாமல் செய்த உதவிக்கு

0101. Seiyaamal Seitha Udhavikku

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    அறத்துப்பால் (Arathuppal) - Virtue
  • இயல்
    இல்லறவியல்(Illaraviyal) - Domestic Virtue
  • அதிகாரம்
    செய்ந்நன்றி அறிதல் (Seinnandri Arithal)
    The Knowledge of Benefits Conferred: Gratitude
  • குறள்
    செய்யாமல் செய்த உதவிக்கு வையகமும்
    வானகமும் ஆற்றல் அரிது.
  • விளக்கம்
    தான் ஓருதவியும் செய்யாமலிருக்கவும், தனக்குப் பிறர் செய்த உதவிக்கு இவ்வுலகத்தையும் வானுலகத்தையும் கொடுப்பினும் ஈடாகா.
  • Translation
    in English
    Assistance given by those who ne'er received our aid,
    Is debt by gift of heaven and earth but poorly paid.
  • Meaning
    (The gift of) heaven and earth is not an equivalent for a benefit which is conferred where none had been received.


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