Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0105. உதவி வரைத்தன்று உதவி

0105. Udhavi Varaiththandru Udhavi

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    அறத்துப்பால் (Arathuppal) - Virtue
  • இயல்
    இல்லறவியல்(Illaraviyal) - Domestic Virtue
  • அதிகாரம்
    செய்ந்நன்றி அறிதல் (Seinnandri Arithal)
    The Knowledge of Benefits Conferred: Gratitude
  • குறள்
    உதவி வரைத்தன்று உதவி உதவி
    செயப்பட்டார் சால்பின் வரைத்து.
  • விளக்கம்
    ஒருவர் செய்யும் உதவியின் அளவு, அதன் மதிப்பைப் பொருத்ததன்று; செய்யப்பட்டவரின் பண்பினைப் பொருத்ததாகும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    The kindly aid's extent is of its worth no measure true;
    Its worth is as the worth of him to whom the act you do.
  • Meaning
    The benefit itself is not the measure of the benefit; the worth of those who have received it is its measure.


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