Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0132. பரிந்தோம்பிக் காக்க ஒழுக்கம்

0132. Parindhombik Kaakka Ozhukkam

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    அறத்துப்பால் (Arathuppal) - Virtue
  • இயல்
    இல்லறவியல் (Illaraviyal) - Domestic Virtue
  • அதிகாரம்
    ஒழுக்கமுடைமை (Ozhukkamudaimai)
    The Possession of Decorum
  • குறள்
    பரிந்தோம்பிக் காக்க ஒழுக்கம் தெரிந்தோம்பித்
    தேரினும் அஃதே துணை.
  • விளக்கம்
    ஒழுக்கத்தை வருந்தியும் பாதுகாத்தல் வேண்டும். ஏனென்றால், அரண்கள் எல்லாவற்றுள்ளும் ஆராய்ந்து பார்த்தால் அவ்வோழுக்கமே சிறந்த துணையாக உள்ளது.
  • Translation
    in English
    Searching, duly watching, learning, 'decorum' still we find;
    Man's only aid; toiling, guard thou this with watchful mind.
  • Meaning
    Let propriety of conduct be laboriously preserved and guarded; though one know and practise and excel in many virtues, that will be an eminent aid.


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