Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0095. பணிவுடையன் இன்சொலன் ஆதல்

0095. Panivudaiyan Insolan Aathal

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    அறத்துப்பால் (Arathuppal) - Virtue
  • இயல்
    இல்லறவியல்(Illaraviyal) - Domestic Virtue
  • அதிகாரம்
    இனியவை கூறல் (Iniyavai Kooral)
    The Utterance of Pleasant Words
  • குறள்
    பணிவுடையன் இன்சொலன் ஆதல் ஒருவற்கு
    அணியல்ல மற்றுப் பிற.
  • விளக்கம்
    ஒருவனுக்கு அணியாவது, பெரியோரிடத்தில் வணக்கமும், எல்லோரிடத்தும் இனிய சொல்லும் உடையவனாதலே; இவையல்லாமல் உடம்பில் அணியும் வேறு அணிகள் அணிகளாகா.
  • Translation
    in English
    Humility with pleasant speech to man on earth,
    Is choice adornment; all besides is nothing worth.
  • Meaning
    Humility and sweetness of speech are the ornaments of man; all others are not (ornaments).


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