Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0103. பயன்தூக்கார் செய்த உதவி

0103. Payanthookkaar Seitha Udhavi

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    அறத்துப்பால் (Arathuppal) - Virtue
  • இயல்
    இல்லறவியல்(Illaraviyal) - Domestic Virtue
  • அதிகாரம்
    செய்ந்நன்றி அறிதல் (Seinnandri Arithal)
    The Knowledge of Benefits Conferred: Gratitude
  • குறள்
    பயன்தூக்கார் செய்த உதவி நயன்தூக்கின்
    நன்மை கடலின் பெரிது.
  • விளக்கம்
    இன்னபயன் கிடைக்கும் என்று கருதாது ஒருவர் செய்த நன்மையின் பெருமையை ஆராய்ந்தால், அது கடலைவிடப் பெரியதாகும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    Kindness shown by those who weigh not what the return may be:
    When you ponder right its merit, 'Tis vaster than the sea.
  • Meaning
    If we weigh the excellence of a benefit which is conferred without weighing the return, it is larger than the sea.


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