Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0085. வித்தும் இடல்வேண்டும் கொல்லோ

0085. Viththum Idalvendum Kollo

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    அறத்துப்பால் (Arathuppal) - Virtue
  • இயல்
    இல்லறவியல்(Illaraviyal) - Domestic Virtue
  • அதிகாரம்
    விருந்தோம்பல் (Virundhombal)
    Cherishing Guests
  • குறள்
    வித்தும் இடல்வேண்டும் கொல்லோ விருந்தோம்பி
    மிச்சில் மிசைவான் புலம்.
  • விளக்கம்
    வந்த விருந்தினரை முதலில் உண்ணச் செய்து, மீதி உணவை உண்ணுகின்றவனுடைய விளை நிலத்தில் அவன் விதைக்காமலே பயிர் விளையும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    Who first regales his guest, and then himself supplies,
    O'er all his fields, unsown, shall plenteous harvests rise.
  • Meaning
    Is it necessary to sow the field of the man who, having feasted his guests, eats what may remain ?


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