Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0093. முகத்தான் அமர்ந்து இனிதுநோக்கி

0093. Mugaththaan Amarndhu Inithunokki

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    அறத்துப்பால் (Arathuppal) - Virtue
  • இயல்
    இல்லறவியல்(Illaraviyal) - Domestic Virtue
  • அதிகாரம்
    இனியவை கூறல் (Iniyavai Kooral)
    The Utterance of Pleasant Words
  • குறள்
    முகத்தான் அமர்ந்து இனிதுநோக்கி அகத்தானாம்
    இன்சொ லினதே அறம்.
  • விளக்கம்
    அறம் என்று சொல்லப்படுவது, முகம் மலர்ந்து பார்த்து, உள்ளத்தில் எழும் அன்பு உணர்ச்சியினால் இனிய சொல்லைச் சொல்லுவதேயாகும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    With brightly beaming smile, and kindly light of loving eye,
    And heart sincere, to utter pleasant words is charity.
  • Meaning
    Sweet speech, flowing from the heart (uttered) with a cheerful countenance and a sweet look, is true virtue.


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