Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0405. கல்லா ஒருவன் தகைமை

0405. Kallaa Oruvan Thagaimai

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அரசியல் (Arasiyal) - Royalty
  • அதிகாரம்
    கல்லாமை (Kallaamai)
  • குறள்
    கல்லா ஒருவன் தகைமை தலைப்பெய்து
    சொல்லாடச் சோர்வு படும்.
  • விளக்கம்
    கல்லாத ஒருவன் தன்னைத் தான் மதித்துக் கொள்ளும் மதிப்பு கற்றவன் அவனைக் கண்டு உரையாட, அப்பேச்சினால் கெடும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    As worthless shows the worth of man unlearned,
    When council meets, by words he speaks discerned.
  • Meaning
    The self-conceit of an unlearned man will fade away, as soon as he speaks in an assembly (of thelearned).


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