Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0270. இலர்பல ராகிய காரணம்

0270. Ilarpala Raagiya Kaaranam

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    அறத்துப்பால் (Arathuppal) - Virtue
  • இயல்
    துறவறவியல் (Thuravaraviyal) - Ascetic Virtue
  • அதிகாரம்
  • குறள்
    இலர்பல ராகிய காரணம் நோற்பார்
    சிலர்பலர் நோலா தவர்.
  • விளக்கம்
    உலகத்தில் செல்வமுடையவர் சிலரும், செல்வ மில்லாதவர் பலருமாக இருப்பதற்குக் காரணம், தவம் செய்கின்றவர் சிலரும், தவம் செய்யாதவர் பலருமாக இருத்தலே.
  • Translation
    in English
    The many all things lack! The cause is plain,
    The 'penitents' are few. The many shun such pain.
  • Meaning
    Because there are few who practise austerity and many who do not, there are many destitute and few rich in this world.


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