Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0395. உடையார்முன் இல்லார்போல் ஏக்கற்றுங்

0395. Udaiyaarmun Illaarpol Yekkatrung

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அரசியல் (Arasiyal) - Royalty
  • அதிகாரம்
    கல்வி (Kalvi)
  • குறள்
    உடையார்முன் இல்லார்போல் ஏக்கற்றுங் கற்றார்
    கடையரே கல்லா தவர்.
  • விளக்கம்
    செல்வர் முன் வறியவர் நிற்பதுபோன்று, கற்றவர் முன் வருந்திப் பணிந்து நின்றாயினும் கல்வி கற்றவரே உயர்ந்தோராவர்; கல்லாதவர் தாழ்ந்தோராவர்.
  • Translation
    in English
    With soul submiss they stand, as paupers front a rich man's face;
    Yet learned men are first; th'unlearned stand in lowest place.
  • Meaning
    The unlearned are inferior to the learned, before whom they stand begging, as the destitute before the wealthy.


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