Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

1044. இற்பிறந்தார் கண்ணேயும் இன்மை

1044. Irpiranthaar Kanneyum Inmai

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    குடியியல் (Kudiyiyal) - Miscellaneous
  • அதிகாரம்
    நல்குரவு (Nalkuravu)
  • குறள்
    இற்பிறந்தார் கண்ணேயும் இன்மை இளிவந்த
    சொற்பிறக்கும் சோர்வு தரும்.
  • விளக்கம்
    வறுமையானது உயர்ந்த குடியில் பிறந்தவரிடத்திலும் இழிவான சொற்கள் தோன்றுவதற்கு ஏதுவான தளர்ச்சியை உண்டாக்கும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    From penury will spring, 'mid even those of noble race,
    Oblivion that gives birth to words that bring disgrace.
  • Meaning
    Even in those of high birth, poverty will produce the fault of uttering mean words.


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