Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0781. செயற்கரிய யாவுள நட்பின்

0781. Seyarkariya Yaavula Natpin

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    நட்பியல் (Natpiyal) - Alliance
  • அதிகாரம்
    நட்பு (Natpu)
  • குறள்
    செயற்கரிய யாவுள நட்பின் அதுபோல்
    வினைக்கரிய யாவுள காப்பு.
  • விளக்கம்
    நட்புப் போலச் செய்து கொள்ளுதற்கு அரிய பொருட்கள் எவை உள்ளன? அதைப்போல் பகைவர் செயலைத் தடுத்துக் காப்பதற்கு எவை உள்ளன?
  • Translation
    in English
    What so hard for men to gain as friendship true?
    What so sure defence 'gainst all that foe can do?
  • Meaning
    What things are there so difficult to acquire as friendship ? What guards are there so difficult to break through by the efforts (of one's foes) ?


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