Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0780. புரந்தார்கண் நீர்மல்கச் சாகிற்பின்

0780. Purandhaarkan Neermalgach Chaagirpin

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    படையியல் (Padaiyiyal) - Army
  • அதிகாரம்
    படைச் செருக்கு (Padaich Cherukku)
    Military Spirit
  • குறள்
    புரந்தார்கண் நீர்மல்கச் சாகிற்பின் சாக்காடு
    இரந்துகோள் தக்கது உடைத்து.
  • விளக்கம்
    தம்மை ஆண்டு காத்த அரசனது கண்களில் நீர் பெருகும்படி போரில் சாகப் பெறுவதாயின், அந்தச் சாவு இரந்தாகிலும் பெரும் தகுதியை உடையது.
  • Translation
    in English
    If monarch's eyes o'erflow with tears for hero slain,
    Who would not beg such boon of glorious death to gain?
  • Meaning
    If (heroes) can so die as to fill with tears the eyes of their rulers, such a death deserves to be obtained even by begging.


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