Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0561. தக்காங்கு நாடித் தலைச்செல்லா

0561. Thakkaangu Naadith Thalaichchelvaa

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அரசியல் (Arasiyal) - Royalty
  • அதிகாரம்
    வெருவந்த செய்யாமை (Veruvandha Seiyaamai)
    Absence of Terrorism
  • குறள்
    தக்காங்கு நாடித் தலைச்செல்லா வண்ணத்தால்
    ஒத்தாங்கு ஒறுப்பது வேந்து.
  • விளக்கம்
    ஒருவன் குற்றம் செய்தபோது, அதனைத் தக்க முறையில் ஆராய்ந்து அவன் மேலும் குற்றம் செய்யாதபடி குற்றத்துக்குத் தக்கவாறு தண்டித்தலே அரசன் செய்யத் தக்கது.
  • Translation
    in English
    Who punishes, investigation made in due degree,
    So as to stay advance of crime, a king is he.
  • Meaning
    He is a king who having equitably examined (any injustice which has been brought to his notice), suitably punishes it, so that it may not be again committed.


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