Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0560. ஆபயன் குன்றும் அறுதொழிலோர்

0560. Aapayan Kundrum Aruthozhilor

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அரசியல் (Arasiyal) - Royalty
  • அதிகாரம்
    கொடுங்கோன்மை (Kodungonmai)
    The Cruel Sceptre
  • குறள்
    ஆபயன் குன்றும் அறுதொழிலோர் நூல்மறப்பர்
    காவலன் காவான் எனின்.
  • விளக்கம்
    மன்னன் குடிமக்களை முறைப்படி காபாற்றானாயின், பசுக்கள் கொடுக்கும் பால் குறையும்; அந்தணரும் நூலை மறந்துவிடுவர்.
  • Translation
    in English
    Where guardian guardeth not, udder of kine grows dry,
    And Brahmans' sacred lore will all forgotten lie.
  • Meaning
    If the guardian (of the country) neglects to guard it, the produce of the cows will fail, and the men of six duties viz., the Brahmins will forget the vedas.


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