Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0481. பகல்வெல்லும் கூகையைக் காக்கை

0481. Pagalvellum Kookaiyaik Kaakkai

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அரசியல் (Arasiyal) - Royalty
  • அதிகாரம்
    காலம் அறிதல் (Kaalam Arithal)
    Knowing the Fitting Time
  • குறள்
    பகல்வெல்லும் கூகையைக் காக்கை இகல்வெல்லும்
    வேந்தர்க்கு வேண்டும் பொழுது.
  • விளக்கம்
    தன்னைவிட வலிமை மிகுந்த கோட்டானைக் காக்கை பகற் பொழுதில் வென்றுவிடும். ஆகையால் பகைவரை வெல்லக் கருதும் மன்னர்க்கு அதற்கேற்ற காலம் வேண்டும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    A crow will conquer owl in broad daylight;
    The king that foes would crush, needs fitting time to fight.
  • Meaning
    A crow will overcome an owl in the day time; so the king who would conquer his enemy must have (a suitable) time.


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