Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0465. வகையறச் சூழா தெழுதல்

0465. Vagaiyarach Choozhaa Thezhuthal

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அரசியல் (Arasiyal) - Royalty
  • அதிகாரம்
    தெரிந்து செயல்வகை (Therindhu Seyalvagai)
    Acting After Due Consideration
  • குறள்
    வகையறச் சூழா தெழுதல் பகைவரைப்
    பாத்திப் படுப்பதோ ராறு.
  • விளக்கம்
    பகைவரை வெல்லுவதற்குச் செல்கின்றவன், தனக்கும் பகைவருக்கும் உள்ள நிலைமைகளை முழுதும் ஆராயாமல் சென்றால், பகைவர் என்ற பயிரை நிலத்திலே நடுதற்கு அஃது ஒரு வழியாகும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    With plans not well matured to rise against your foe,
    Is way to plant him out where he is sure to grow!
  • Meaning
    One way to promote the prosperity of an enemy, is (for a king) to set out (to war) without having thoroughly weighed his ability (to cope with its chances).


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