Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

1116. மதியும் மடந்தை முகனும்

1116. Mathiyum Madanthai Muganum

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    இன்பத்துப்பால் (Inbaththuppaal) - Love
  • இயல்
    களவியல் (Kalaviyal) - The Pre-Marital Love
  • அதிகாரம்
    நலம் புனைந்துரைத்தல் (Nalam Punaindhuraiththal)
    The Praise of her Beauty
  • குறள்
    மதியும் மடந்தை முகனும் அறியா
    பதியின் கலங்கிய மீன்.
  • விளக்கம்
    விண்மீன்கள் சந்திரனுக்கும் இவளது முகத்துக்கும் வேறுபாடு அறிய முடியாமல் தம் இடங்களினின்று தடுமாறித் திரியலாயின.
  • Translation
    in English
    The stars perplexed are rushing wildly from their spheres;
    For like another moon this maiden's face appears.
  • Meaning
    The stars have become confused in their places not being able to distinguish between the moon and the maid's countenance.


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