Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

1094. யான்நோக்கும் காலை நிலன்நோக்கும்

1094. Yaannokkum Kaalai Nilannokkum

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    இன்பத்துப்பால் (Inbaththuppaal) - Love
  • இயல்
    களவியல் (Kalaviyal) - The Pre-Marital Love
  • அதிகாரம்
    குறிப்பறிதல் (Kuripparithal)
    Recognition of the Signs (of Mutual Love)
  • குறள்
    யான்நோக்கும் காலை நிலன்நோக்கும் நோக்காக்கால்
    தான்நோக்கி மெல்ல நகும்.
  • விளக்கம்
    நான் பார்க்கும் போது இவள் நிலத்தைப் பார்த்து நிற்பாள்; நான் பார்க்காதபோதுதான் என்னைப் பார்த்துப் புண் சிரிப்புச் செய்வாள்.
  • Translation
    in English
    I look on her: her eyes are on the ground the while:
    I look away: she looks on me with timid smile.
  • Meaning
    When I look, she looks down; when I do not, she looks and smiles gently.


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