Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

1090. உண்டார்கண் அல்லது அடுநறாக்

1090. Undaarkan Allathu Adunaraak

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    இன்பத்துப்பால் (Inbaththuppaal) - Love
  • இயல்
    களவியல் (Kalaviyal) - The Pre-Marital Love
  • அதிகாரம்
    தகையணங்குறுத்தல் (Thagaiyanangkuruththal)
    Beauty's Dart
  • குறள்
    உண்டார்கண் அல்லது அடுநறாக் காமம்போல்
    கண்டார் மகிழ்செய்தல் இன்று.
  • விளக்கம்
    உண்டவர்க்கு மட்டும் மகிழ்ச்சியைச் செய்யும் கள்ளைப் போலல்லாது கண்டவரிடத்தும் காமம் மகிழ்ச்சியைச் செய்யும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    The palm-tree's fragrant wine, To those who taste yields joys divine;
    But love hath rare felicity For those that only see!
  • Meaning
    Unlike boiled honey which yields delight only when it is drunk, love gives pleasure even when looked at.


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