Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0515. அறிந்தாற்றிச் செய்கிற்பாற்கு அல்லால்

0515. Arindhaatrich Chigirpaarkku Allaal

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அரசியல் (Arasiyal) - Royalty
  • அதிகாரம்
    தெரிந்து வினையாடல் (Therindhu Vinaiyaadal)
    Selection and Employment
  • குறள்
    அறிந்தாற்றிச் செய்கிற்பாற்கு அல்லால் வினைதான்
    சிறந்தானென்று ஏவற்பாற் றன்று.
  • விளக்கம்
    செய்யும் வழியறிந்து, அவ்வழி முயன்று முடிக்க வல்லானையன்றி, வேண்டியவனென்று பிரனொருவனைச் செய்யுமாறு ஏவுதல் கூடாது.
  • Translation
    in English
    No specious fav'rite should the king's commission bear,
    But he that knows, and work performs with patient care.
  • Meaning
    (A king's) work can only be accomplished by a man of wisdom and patient endurance; it is not of a
    nature to be given to one from mere personal attachment.


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