Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0486. ஊக்க முடையான் ஒடுக்கம்

0486. Ookka Mudaiyaan Odukkam

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அரசியல் (Arasiyal) - Royalty
  • அதிகாரம்
    காலம் அறிதல் (Kaalam Arithal)
    Knowing the Fitting Time
  • குறள்
    ஊக்க முடையான் ஒடுக்கம் பொருதகர்
    தாக்கற்குப் பேருந் தகைத்து.
  • விளக்கம்
    ஊக்கம் உடையவன், தன் பகைமேற் செல்லாது காலம் நோக்கி அடங்கியிருப்பது, போர் செய்கின்ற ஆடு தன் பகையைத் தீர்த்துக் கொள்ளப் பாயுமுன் பின்னே கால் வாங்குந்தன்மையை உடையது.
  • Translation
    in English
    The men of mighty power their hidden energies repress,
    As fighting ram recoils to rush on foe with heavier stress.
  • Meaning
    The self-restraint of the energetic (while waiting for a suitable opportunity), is like the drawing back of a fighting-ram in order to butt.


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