Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0219. நயனுடையான் நல்கூர்ந்தா னாதல்

0219. Nayanudaiyaan Nalkoorndhaa Naathal

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    அறத்துப்பால் (Arathuppal) - Virtue
  • இயல்
    இல்லறவியல் (Illaraviyal) - Domestic Virtue
  • அதிகாரம்
    ஒப்புரவறிதல் (Oppuravaridhal)
    The Knowledge of What is Benefitting a Man's Position
  • குறள்
    நயனுடையான் நல்கூர்ந்தா னாதல் செயும்நீர
    செய்யாது அமைகலா வாறு.
  • விளக்கம்
    உதவி செய்யும் குணமுடையவன் வறியவனாவது எவ்வகையில் என்றால், பிறர்க்கு உதவ முடியாத நிலைமையை அடைதலாகும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    The kindly-hearted man is poor in this alone,
    When power of doing deeds of goodness he finds none.
  • Meaning
    The poverty of a benevolent man, is nothing but his inability to exercise the same.


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