Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0196. பயனில்சொல் பராட்டு வானை

0196. Payanilsol Paraattu Vaanai

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    அறத்துப்பால் (Arathuppal) - Virtue
  • இயல்
    இல்லறவியல் (Illaraviyal) - Domestic Virtue
  • அதிகாரம்
    பயனில சொல்லாமை (Payanila Sollaamai)
    The Not Speaking Profitless Words
  • குறள்
    பயனில்சொல் பராட்டு வானை மகன்எனல்
    மக்கட் பதடி யெனல்.
  • விளக்கம்
    பயனில்லாத சொற்களைப் பலமுறையும் பெசூகின்றவனை மனிதன் என்று சொல்லாதீர்கள். அவன் மக்களுள் (பதர்) பயனற்றவனாவான்.
  • Translation
    in English
    Who makes display of idle words' inanity,
    Call him not man, -chaff of humanity!
  • Meaning
    Call not him a man who parades forth his empty words. Call him the chaff of men.


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