Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

1235. கொடியார் கொடுமை உரைக்கும்

1235. Kodiyaar Kodumai Uraikkum

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    இன்பத்துப்பால் (Inbaththuppaal) - Love
  • இயல்
    கற்பியல் (Karpiyal) - The Post-Marital Love
  • அதிகாரம்
    உறுப்புநலன் அழிதல் (Uruppunalan Azhithal)
    Wasting Away
  • குறள்
    கொடியார் கொடுமை உரைக்கும் தொடியொடு
    தொல்கவின் வாடிய தோள்.
  • விளக்கம்
    வளையல்கள் கழன்று பழைய இயற்கையழகிழந்த இத்தோல்கள், கொடிய காதலரின் கொடுமையை எடுத்துரைக்கின்றன.
  • Translation
    in English
    These wasted arms, the bracelet with their wonted beauty gone,
    The cruelty declare of that most cruel one.
  • Meaning
    The (loosened) bracelets, and the shoulders from which the old beauty has faded, relate the cruelty of the pitiless one.


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