Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

1236. தொடியொடு தோள்நெகிழ நோவல்

1236. Thodiyodu Tholnegizha Noval

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    இன்பத்துப்பால் (Inbaththuppaal) - Love
  • இயல்
    கற்பியல் (Karpiyal) - The Post-Marital Love
  • அதிகாரம்
    உறுப்புநலன் அழிதல் (Uruppunalan Azhithal)
    Wasting Away
  • குறள்
    தொடியொடு தோள்நெகிழ நோவல் அவரைக்
    கொடியர் எனக்கூறல் நொந்து.
  • விளக்கம்
    'வளைகள் கழலும்படி தோள்கள் வாடியதைக் கண்டு நீ அவரைக் கொடியவர் என்று சொல்லாதே; நீ அவ்வாறு சொல்லக் கேட்டுப் பொறுக்காமல் வருந்துகின்றேன்', எனத் தலைவி தோழிக்குச் சொன்னாள்.
  • Translation
    in English
    I grieve, 'tis pain to me to hear him cruel chid,
    Because the armlet from my wasted arm has slid.
  • Meaning
    I am greatly pained to hear you call him a cruel man, just because your shoulders are reduced and your bracelets loosened.


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