Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

1234. பணைநீங்கிப் பைந்தொடி சோரும்

1234. Panaineengip Painthodi Sorum

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    இன்பத்துப்பால் (Inbaththuppaal) - Love
  • இயல்
    கற்பியல் (Karpiyal) - The Post-Marital Love
  • அதிகாரம்
    உறுப்புநலன் அழிதல் (Uruppunalan Azhithal)
    Wasting Away
  • குறள்
    பணைநீங்கிப் பைந்தொடி சோரும் துணைநீங்கித்
    தொல்கவின் வாடிய தோள்.
  • விளக்கம்
    காதலரைப் பிரிந்தால் பழைய இயற்கை அழகு கெட்டுத் தோள்கள் மெலிந்தன; அவை பருமை குறைந்தமையால் பசுமையான பொன் வளையல்கள் கழலுகின்றன.
  • Translation
    in English
    When lover went, then faded all their wonted charms,
    And armlets' golden round slips off from these poor wasted arms.
  • Meaning
    In the absence of your consort, your shoulders having lost their former beauty and fulness, your bracelets of pure gold have become loose.


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