Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

1165. துப்பின் எவனாவர் மன்கொல்

1165. Thuppin Evanaavar Mankol

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    இன்பத்துப்பால் (Inbaththuppaal) - Love
  • இயல்
    கற்பியல் (Karpiyal) - The Post-Marital Love
  • அதிகாரம்
    படர்மெலிந் திரங்கல் (Padarmelindh Thirangal)
  • குறள்
    துப்பின் எவனாவர் மன்கொல் துயர்வரவு
    நட்பினுள் ஆற்று பவர்.
  • விளக்கம்
    நட்பாயிருக்கும்போதே துன்பம் வரச் செய்பவர் பகையானால் என்ன செய்வாரோ?
  • Translation
    in English
    Who work us woe in friendship's trustful hour,
    What will they prove when angry tempests lower?
  • Meaning
    He who can produce sorrow from friendship, what can he not bring forth out of enmity ?


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