Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

1071. மக்களே போல்வர் கயவர்

1071. Makkale Polvar Kayavar

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    குடியியல் (Kudiyiyal) - Miscellaneous
  • அதிகாரம்
    கயமை (Kayamai)
  • குறள்
    மக்களே போல்வர் கயவர் அவரன்ன
    ஒப்பாரி யாங்கண்ட தில்.
  • விளக்கம்
    கீழ்மக்கள் தோற்றத்தினால் மனிதரைப் போலவே இருப்பார்கள்; குணங்களால் மனிதராகார்; இவ்வகையான ஒற்றுமையை நாம் வேறு எங்கும் கண்டதில்லை.
  • Translation
    in English
    The base resemble men in outward form, I ween;
    But counterpart exact to them I've never seen.
  • Meaning
    The base resemble men perfectly (as regards form); and we have not seen such (exact) resemblance (among any other species).


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