Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0742. மணிநீரும் மண்ணும் மலையும்

0742. Manineerum Mannum Malaiyum

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அரணியல் (Araniyal) - Essentials of a State
  • அதிகாரம்
    அரண் (Aran)
    The Fortification
  • குறள்
    மணிநீரும் மண்ணும் மலையும் அணிநிழற்
    காடும் உடைய தரண்.
  • விளக்கம்
    மணிபோல் தெளிந்த நீர்நிலையுடைய அகழியும், வெளி நிலமும், மலையும் அழகிய நிழல் தரும் காவற்காடும் உடையதே கோட்டை.
  • Translation
    in English
    A fort is that which owns fount of waters crystal clear,
    An open space, a hill, and shade of beauteous forest near.
  • Meaning
    A fort is that which has everlasting water, plains, mountains and cool shady forests.


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