Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0743. உயர்வகலம் திண்மை அருமைஇந்

0743. Uyarvagalam Thinmai Arumaiin

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அரணியல் (Araniyal) - Essentials of a State
  • அதிகாரம்
    அரண் (Aran)
    The Fortification
  • குறள்
    உயர்வகலம் திண்மை அருமைஇந் நான்கின்
    அமைவரண் என்றுரைக்கும் நூல்.
  • விளக்கம்
    உயர்ச்சியும் அகலமும் வலிமையும் பகைவரால் கடத்தற் கருமையும் ஆகிய நான்கும் பொருந்தியதே சிறந்த அரண் என நூலுரைக்கும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    Height, breadth, strength, difficult access:
    Science declares a fort must these possess.
  • Meaning
    The learned say that a fortress is an enclosure having these four (qualities) viz., height, breadth, strength and inaccessibility.


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