Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0644. திறனறிந்து சொல்லுக சொல்லை

0644. Thiranarindhu Solluga Sollai

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அமைச்சியல் (Amaichchiyal) - Ministers of State
  • அதிகாரம்
    சொல்வன்மை (Solvanmai)
    Power in Speech
  • குறள்
    திறனறிந்து சொல்லுக சொல்லை அறனும்
    பொருளும் அதனினூஉங்கு இல்.
  • விளக்கம்
    தாம் சொல்லக் கருதியதைச் சொல்லின் திறத்தை அறிந்து சொல்லுதல் வேண்டும். அதனினும் மேம்பட்ட அறமும் பொருளும் இல்லை.
  • Translation
    in English
    Speak words adapted well to various hearers' state;
    No higher virtue lives, no gain more surely great.
  • Meaning
    Understand the qualities (of your hearers) and (then) make your speech; for superior to it, there is neither virtue nor wealth.


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