Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0542. வானோக்கி வாழும் உலகெல்லாம்

0542. Vaanokki Vaazhum Ulagellaam

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அரசியல் (Arasiyal) - Royalty
  • அதிகாரம்
    செங்கோன்மை (Sengonmai)
    The Right Sceptre
  • குறள்
    வானோக்கி வாழும் உலகெல்லாம் மன்னவன்
    கோல்நோக்கி வாழுங் குடி.
  • விளக்கம்
    உலகத்து, உயிர்களெல்லாம் மழையை நோக்கி வாழ்கின்றன. அதுபோல், மக்கள் அரசனது செங்கோலை நோக்கி வாழ்கின்றனர்.
  • Translation
    in English
    All earth looks up to heav'n whence raindrops fall;
    All subjects look to king that ruleth all.
  • Meaning
    When there is rain, the living creation thrives; and so when the king rules justly, his subjects thrive.


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