Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0410. விலங்கொடு மக்கள் அனையர்

0410. Vilangodu Makkal Anaiyar

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அரசியல் (Arasiyal) - Royalty
  • அதிகாரம்
    கல்லாமை (Kallaamai)
  • குறள்
    விலங்கொடு மக்கள் அனையர் இலங்குநூல்
    கற்றாரோடு ஏனை யவர்.
  • விளக்கம்
    விலங்கொடு நோக்க மக்கள் எவ்வளவு மேன்மையுடையவரோ, அவ்வளவு தாழ்ந்தவர் நூலைக் கற்றவரோடு நோக்கக் கல்லாதவர்.
  • Translation
    in English
    Learning's irradiating grace who gain,
    Others excel, as men the bestial train.
  • Meaning
    As beasts by the side of men, so are other men by the side of those who are learned in celebrated works.


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