Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0409. மேற்பிறந்தா ராயினும் கல்லாதார்

0409. Merpirandhaa Raayinum Kallaathaar

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அரசியல் (Arasiyal) - Royalty
  • அதிகாரம்
    கல்லாமை (Kallaamai)
  • குறள்
    மேற்பிறந்தா ராயினும் கல்லாதார் கீழ்ப்பிறந்தும்
    கற்றார் அனைத்திலர் பாடு.
  • விளக்கம்
    கல்லாதவர் உயர் குலத்தில் பிறந்தவராயினும், கீழ்க்குலத்தில் பிறந்த கற்றவரை ஒத்த பெருமையை உடையவராகார்.
  • Translation
    in English
    Lower are men unlearned, though noble be their race,
    Than low-born men adorned with learning's grace.
  • Meaning
    The unlearned, though born in a high caste, are not equal in dignity to the learned; though they may have been born in a low caste.


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