Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0229. இரத்தலின் இன்னாது மன்ற

0229. Iraththalin Innaathu Mandra

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    அறத்துப்பால் (Arathuppal) - Virtue
  • இயல்
    இல்லறவியல் (Illaraviyal) - Domestic Virtue
  • அதிகாரம்
    ஈகை (Eegai)
  • குறள்
    இரத்தலின் இன்னாது மன்ற நிரப்பிய
    தாமே தமியர் உணல்.
  • விளக்கம்
    தேடி நிரப்பிய உணவைத் தாமே தனியராக இருந்து உண்ணுதல் இரத்தலை விடத் துன்பம் தருவதாகும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    They keep their garners full, for self alone the board they spread;-
    'Tis greater pain, be sure, than begging daily bread!
  • Meaning
    Solitary and unshared eating for the sake of filling up one's own riches is certainly much more unpleasant than begging.


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