Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

1299. துன்பத்திற்கு யாரே துணையாவார்

1299. Thunbaththirku Yaare Thunaiyaavaar

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    இன்பத்துப்பால் (Inbaththuppaal) - Love
  • இயல்
    கற்பியல் (Karpiyal) - The Post-Marital Love
  • அதிகாரம்
    நெஞ்சோடு புலத்தல் (Nenjodu Pulaththal)
    Exploration with Oneself
  • குறள்
    துன்பத்திற்கு யாரே துணையாவார் தாமுடைய
    நெஞ்சந் துணையல் வழி.
  • விளக்கம்
    ஒருவர்க்குத் துன்பம் வந்தபோது, அதை நீக்குதற்குத் தமது மனம் துணையாகாதபோது, வேறு துணையாவார் யார்?
  • Translation
    in English
    And who will aid me in my hour of grief,
    If my own heart comes not to my relief?
  • Meaning
    Who would help me out of one's distress, when one's own soul refuses help to one?


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