Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

1263. உரன்நசைஇ உள்ளம் துணையாகச்

1263. Urannasaie ullam Thunaiyaagach

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    இன்பத்துப்பால் (Inbaththuppaal) - Love
  • இயல்
    கற்பியல் (Karpiyal) - The Post-Marital Love
  • அதிகாரம்
    அவர்வயின் விதும்பல் (Avarvayin Vithumbal)
    Mutual Desire
  • குறள்
    உரன்நசைஇ உள்ளம் துணையாகச் சென்றார்
    வரல்நசைஇ இன்னும் உளேன்.
  • விளக்கம்
    இன்பத்தைத் விரும்பாது வெற்றியை விரும்பித் தமது ஊக்கத்தைத் துணைக்கொண்டு சென்றவர், மீண்டும் வருவதை விரும்பி நான் உயிரை வைத்துக் கொண்டிருக்கின்றேன்.
  • Translation
    in English
    On victory intent, His mind sole company he went;
    And I yet life sustain! And long to see his face again!
  • Meaning
    I still live by longing for the arrival of him who has gone out of love for victory and with valour as his guide.


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