Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

1223. பனிஅரும்பிப் பைதல்கொள் மாலை

1223. Paniarumbip Paithalkol Maalai

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    இன்பத்துப்பால் (Inbaththuppaal) - Love
  • இயல்
    கற்பியல் (Karpiyal) - The Post-Marital Love
  • அதிகாரம்
    பொழுதுகண்டு இரங்கல் (Pozhuthukandu Irangal)
    Lamentations at Eventide
  • குறள்
    பனிஅரும்பிப் பைதல்கொள் மாலை துனிஅரும்பித்
    துன்பம் வளர வரும்.
  • விளக்கம்
    முன்பு நடுக்கமடைந்து மங்கிவந்த மாலைப் பொழுது, இப்பொழுது எனக்குத் துன்பத்தை உண்டாக்கிக் கவலை மிகும்படி வரும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    With buds of chilly dew wan evening's shade enclose;
    My anguish buds space and all my sorrow grows.
  • Meaning
    The evening that (once) came in with trembling and dimness (now) brings me an aversion for life and increasing sorrow.


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