Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

1222. புன்கண்ணை வாழி மருள்மாலை

1222. Punkannai Vaazhi Marulmaalai

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    இன்பத்துப்பால் (Inbaththuppaal) - Love
  • இயல்
    கற்பியல் (Karpiyal) - The Post-Marital Love
  • அதிகாரம்
    பொழுதுகண்டு இரங்கல் (Pozhuthukandu Irangal)
    Lamentations at Eventide
  • குறள்
    புன்கண்ணை வாழி மருள்மாலை எம்கேள்போல்
    வன்கண்ண தோநின் துணை.
  • விளக்கம்
    மயங்கிய மாலைக் காலமே! வாழ்வாயாக! நீ ஒளியை இழந்திருக்கின்றாய்; உன்னுடைய துணையும் என்னுடைய காதலரைப்போல் இறக்கமில்லாததோ?
  • Translation
    in English
    Thine eye is sad; Hail, doubtful hour of eventide!
    Of cruel eye, as is my spouse, is too thy bride?
  • Meaning
    A long life to you, O dark evening! You are sightless. Is your help-mate (also) as hard-hearted as mine.


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