Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

1066. ஆவிற்கு நீரென்று இரப்பினும்

1066. Aavirku Neerendru Irappinum

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    குடியியல் (Kudiyiyal) - Miscellaneous
  • அதிகாரம்
    இரவச்சம் (Iravachcham)
    The Dread of Mendicancy
  • குறள்
    ஆவிற்கு நீரென்று இரப்பினும் நாவிற்கு
    இரவின் இளிவந்த தில்.
  • விளக்கம்
    'இப்பசுவுக்குத் தண்ணீர் தாருங்கள்' என்று பிறரை இரத்தலும் ஆகாது; அவ்விரத்தல் போல ஒருவனுடைய நாவிற்கு இழிவு தருவது வேறு இல்லை.
  • Translation
    in English
    E'en if a draught of water for a cow you ask,
    Nought's so distasteful to the tongue as beggar's task.
  • Meaning
    There is nothing more disgraceful to one's tongue than to use it in begging water even for a cow.


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