Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0823. பலநல்ல கற்றக் கடைத்து

0823. Palanalla Katrak Kadaiththu

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    நட்பியல் (Natpiyal) - Alliance
  • அதிகாரம்
    கூடா நட்பு (Koodaa Natpu)
    Unreal Friendship
  • குறள்
    பலநல்ல கற்றக் கடைத்து மனநல்லர்
    ஆகுதல் மாணார்க் கரிது.
  • விளக்கம்
    பல சிறந்த நூல்களைப் படித்தாலும் அதன் பயனாக நல்ல மனம் உடையவராய்ப் பழகுதல், உள்ளன்பினால் மாட்சி இல்லாதவர்க்கு இல்லை.
  • Translation
    in English
    To heartfelt goodness men ignoble hardly may attain,
    Although abundant stores of goodly lore they gain.
  • Meaning
    Though (one's) enemies may have mastered many good books, it will be impossible for them to become truly loving at heart.


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