Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0733. பொறையொருங்கு மேல்வருங்கால் தாங்கி

0733. Poraiyorungu Melvarungaal Thaangi

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அரணியல் (Araniyal) - Essentials of a State
  • அதிகாரம்
    நாடு (Naadu)
    The Land
  • குறள்
    பொறையொருங்கு மேல்வருங்கால் தாங்கி இறைவற்கு
    இறையொருங்கு நேர்வது நாடு.
  • விளக்கம்
    பிறநாடுகள் பொறுத்த பாரமெல்லாம் தன்னிடத்தே வரும்போது, அவற்றைத் தாங்கித் தன்னரசனுக்கு வரிப்பொருள் முழுவதையும் கொடுப்பதே நாடு.
  • Translation
    in English
    When burthens press, it bears; Yet, With unfailing hand
    To king due tribute pays: that is the 'land'.
  • Meaning
    A kingdom is that which can bear any burden that may be pressed on it (from adjoining kingdoms) and (yet) pay the full tribute to its sovereign.


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