Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0700. பழையம் எனக்கருதிப் பண்பல்ல

0700. Pazhaiyam Enakkaruthip Panballa

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அமைச்சியல் (Amaichchiyal) - Ministers of State
  • அதிகாரம்
    மன்னரைச் சேர்ந்தொழுகல் (Mannaraich Cherndhozhugal)
    Conduct in the Presence of the King
  • குறள்
    பழையம் எனக்கருதிப் பண்பல்ல செய்யும்
    கெழுதகைமை கேடு தரும்.
  • விளக்கம்
    அரசனுக்கு யாம் பழைய பழக்கமுடையோம் எனக் கருதித் தகாதனவற்றைச் செய்யும் உரிமை கேட்டினைத் தரும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    Who think 'We're ancient friends' and do unseemly things;
    To these familiarity sure ruin brings.
  • Meaning
    The (foolish) claim with which a minister does unbecoming acts because of his (long) familiarity (with the king) will ensure his ruin.


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