Thirukural written by Thiruvalluvar consists of three books, the first book on Aram (the Way or Dharma), the second on Porul (Material or Artha) and the third on Inbam (Joy or Kama).

There are 37 chapters in the first book, the first four called Payiram or Prefactory Matter, the next twenty about Ill-Aram (the householder’s Dharma) and the next thirteen about Turavaram (the path of Renunciation). The second book on Porul contains seventy chapters, the first twenty dealing with Kings and their Duties, the succeeding thirty two chapters with the other matters concerning the State, and next thirteen, with Sundry Concerns. The third book on Inbam contains twenty five chapters, the first seven being on Pre Marital Love (Kalavu) and the next eighteen on Marital Love.

There are 133 chapters in all, each chapter contains ten distichs in the metre known as Kural and the work itself is now called by that name.

0425. உலகம் தழீஇய தொட்பம்

0425. Ulagam Thazheeeya Thotpam

  • குறள் #
  • பால்
    பொருட்பால் (Porutpaal) - Wealth
  • இயல்
    அரசியல் (Arasiyal) - Royalty
  • அதிகாரம்
    அறிவுடைமை (Arivudaimai)
    The Possession of King
  • குறள்
    உலகம் தழீஇய தொட்பம் மலர்தலும்
    கூம்பலும் இல்ல தறிவு.
  • விளக்கம்
    ஒருவனுக்கு உயர்ந்தோரை நட்பாக்குவது அறிவாகும்; பின்னர் அந்நட்பு மகிழ்வுடன் விரிதலும் வருந்திச் சுருங்கலுமின்றி ஒரே நிலையாகக் கொண்டிருத்தலும் அறிவாகும்.
  • Translation
    in English
    Wisdom embraces frank the world, to no caprice exposed;
    Unlike the lotus flower, now opened wide, now petals strictly closed.
  • Meaning
    To secure the friendship of the great is true wisdom; it is (also) wisdom to keep (that friendship unchanged, and) not opening and closing (like the lotus flower).


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